Frigate shield mitigation maxes out at 57% (again, Advent frigates can have up to 67% mitigation).
Capital ship mitigation depends on level. Maximum mitigation is 65% for a level 1 cap and increases by 1.111% per level (so a level 10 capital can have 75% mitigation - once again, Advent caps can have up to 85% mitigation).
I do remember the rates of mitigation increase and decrease were posted somewhere else, though I don't know if this corresponds:
1.25% increase per damage taken, 1% decrease per second